- Mangsang-dong, Donghae, Gangwon-do
Yakcheon Cultural Village is in the northwestern part of the city where Mangun Mountain is located. It is the biggest village called Simgok in Simgok-dong situated between Memil and Daet village.
There are a number of fountains at the center of the rice field in the village. In the old days, a scholar who had wandered around the village looking for good water for his ill health found the fountains and drank the water. Then, he recovered and later successfully entered government service. This legend gave the fountains the name Yakcheon by which means healing water.
Nam Guman whose penname was also Yakcheon, the prime minister during the reign of King Sukjong of the Joseon dynasty, stayed here for a year and a half. After he left, his students and residents built Nogokseowon, a lecture hall, and had performed religious services in spring and fall. The village is also called the shrine village for this reason.
he village has many fountains without doubt according to the fengshui theory. It is surrounded by a mountain range that originates from Daet village and that from Memil village. One end of the mountain range is a turtle shape Boreumjae. The village is considered to have many fountains since the turtle living in ocean is regarded as a creature that dominates the water.
- Residents built Yakcheosa to the illustrious memory of Nam Guman after he left the village as King Sukjong granted pardon.
- Established by Geum Subung(1682~1750)
- Demolished in 1741, restored in 1801, and relocated to Gangneung in 1855
Yakcheon Nam Guman (1629~1711)
- Nam Guman, whose penname was Yakcheon or Mijae, had served the government office during the reign of King Sukjong. He was promoted to the prime minister after serving several positions. He was sent into exile to Mangsang in 1689 for a year.
- Documents and words have proved the fact that he lived in exile in Simgok village. Nam Guman was known to compose the famous old sijo, three-verse Korean traditional poem recorded in the Korea’s first sijo book, Cheongguyeongeon, without the writing year. Recently, Simgok village was found to be the background of this sijo according to Gangwon Folklore Society.