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Three-storied stone agoda in Samhwasa Temple

  • 지정번호National Treasure #1277
  • 지정일April, 6th , 1998
  • 규모/양식dual stylobate, three-story
  • 시대Unified Silla(at the end of 9th Century)
  • 소재지San 171, Samhwa-dong, Donghae-si, Gangwon-do province
  • 문의처033-530-2441


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The tower consists of second-story stylobate and three-story main body. The relatively high stylobate has all edges at each square corner with a pillar-shaped sculpture at the center.

Supporting stone was used to prop the main body.The body stone and roof stone were used by turns and fewer stones were used along the top.The tower has some cracks here and there and has been partly damaged but it still remains its refined feature.

Considering the stylobate and the extra supporting stones might tell us that it was made in the late 9th century. It was disjointed and restored in April, 1997 and re-located to the today's place. During this process, a wooded box was founded inside the upper stylobate. Inside the box were 25 small towers made of agalmatolite and 2 Buddha's Statues made of bronze, 6 sculptures made of iron and a piece of written paper.

It has been said Samhwasa(temple) was constructed by Jajangyulsa in the 11th year of Queen Seondeok(642) and was called Heugyeondae. And according to another material, it was founded in the 4th yaer of King Heundeok (829).

Bumiljosa constructed Samgongam in the 4th year of King Gyoungmun(864) and it was later called Samhwasa during the King Taejo period of Goryeo.

Since then, it was destroyed partly and restored in many occasions. And in 1997 it has been moved to today's place. The original place was located 1.3km east of the current place.

There are many building inside the temple including Daeungjeon and Yaksajeon, along with the iron Buddhist Statue (Cultural Asset Material No.112) designated May 31st, 1990 and Three Story Stone Tower(Cultural Asset Material No.112).

The tower consists of second-story stylobate and three-story main body.Although the limestone tower has been cracked a lot, it remains intact generally.

Based on 4 pieces of slates as foundation stone, relatively high lower-stylobate was constructed made of one piece of mid and low stone.

Lower plate stone is made of two pieces of stone and the upper one is inclined a little and supported by two-story supporters.

Upper mid stone is made of four pieces of stone materials and each side has center pillar and corner pillar inscribed.

Upper plate stone has an increased slope and is supported by two-story supporters.

The supporter stone of the main body has a reversed shape and two-story supporters are propping up the body.

The main body is made up of a piece of roof body and roof stone. The roof body is lower than the first and second stories and becomes wider going up the body. Each side has corner pillar inscribed.

The first and second story of the roof stone has similar length but their width becomes narrower.

The slope increases down the roof and gently down the roof around the eaves. The changing shape of the roof looks light and nimble.

The eaves are nearly horizontal and the each roof stone is supported by four supporters.

Upper part of the stone is propped by two-story supporters, and the first grade of the third story is supported by the one-story supporter.

The upper parts have been weathered and a long pinnacle is fixed.

The top of the tower relatively remains intact but there are no other stone materials.

This tower look elegant in general and considering its various materials and types, it might be constructed at the end of the 9th century.

The tower has been severely weathered and many parts are deformed. But it is still a very important tower.

It is 480cm high. (without pinnacle, 362cm high)

This tower was moved to the narrow garden of Daeungjeon on Dec. 2nd.1979 but because of the crack it has been moved to today's place on April 25th, 1997. In this process, a wooden box was founded at the upper s stylobate.

Inside this were 25 pieces of small tower made of pyrophllite and 2 pieces of bronze Buddhist Statues, 6 pieces of iron whips and a sheet of paper written in Chinese ink.

The small towers were nearly destroyed and the paper written in Chinese ink was made prior to 1979